Fremantle is a major Australian port city located in in Western Australia. Situated in the mouth of the Swan River, Fremantle serves as the port of the states capital, Perth. First settled by colonists in 1829, Fremanlte was officially declared a city in 1929 and currently hosts a population of around 27,000. For a city of small size, Fremantle is very diverse. Only 62% of the population was born in Australia, compared with the national average of 76%.
Fremantle is renowned for its well-preserved architectural heritage, including convict-built colonial-era buildings, an old jetty and port and prisons; presenting a variety and unity of historic buildings and streetscapes. These were often built in limestone with ornate faÃ§ades in a succession of architectural styles. Rapid development following the harbour works gave rise to an Edwardian precinct as merchant and shipping companies built in the west end and on reclaimed land. Some key historical buildings have been lost to development, while others are only extant thanks to community activism that went against the wishes of developers.